27 Apr, 2022

How To Calculate Net Income

How To Calculate Net Income
Written by: - Phil Baker

How much should I earn per month to live comfortably? How much should I save each month to retire early? What is my net worth? These questions are common ones. And they are important questions to ask yourself.

Net income is the total amount of money earned from all sources minus expenses. Net income is also known as gross income or take-home pay. The term “net” means after taxes and other deductions.

You can calculate your net income using these formulas: Gross Income Total Income – Expenses. If you want to calculate your net income, you need to know your total income (gross income) and your expenses.

Keep on reading to find out more!

Also read:How To Calculate Retained Earnings?

What Is Net Income? 

Income is defined as a person's earnings before any deductions have been taken out. In other words, it is what a person earns for doing work.

The most basic form of income is salary. Salary is how much an employee makes working for one employer. It is usually paid in regular instalments on a weekly, biweekly, monthly or yearly basis.

Salary is usually based on hours worked and/or number of years employed. Salaries may be fixed or variable depending on whether the company pays a set amount every time an employee works or if the amount varies based on performance.

Salary is often taxed at different rates than other types of income. This tax rate depends on where the employee lives and what type of job he or she does. For example, employees who work for companies that operate in many states will likely see their state income tax rates applied to their salaries.

Other forms of income include wages, commissions, tips, bonuses, dividends, interest, alimony, child support, unemployment benefits, Social Security payments, military pensions, worker's compensation, rent, royalties, gambling winnings, lottery winnings, inheritances, gifts, and prizes.

Also read: How To Apply For A Ppp Loan - The Full Guide


How To Calculate Net Income

To calculate your net income, find your gross income by adding up all of your income sources. Then subtract your expenses from your gross income. Your net income is the difference between your gross income and your expenses.

Also read: Get The Insights - How To Get A Business Loan With No Sweats!


Gross Income Total Income – Expenses

For example, let's say you make $1,000 per week. You spend $500 per week on groceries and utilities. 

Next, add up all of your other income sources such as your paycheck, savings, investments, etc. Let's say you get another $300 per week from investing. That brings your total income to $2,200 per week.

Now, subtract your expenses. Since we're calculating your net income, we'll subtract only those expenses that fall into the category of “personal” rather than “business”. We'll leave business-related expenses like rent, mortgage, car payment, insurance, and so forth alone.

So, if your personal expenses are just the following:

  • $500 per week on groceries

  • $100 per week on gas

  • $50 per week on clothing

  • $20 per week on entertainment

  • $30 per week on dining out

  • $80 per week on transportation

  • $40 per week on medical bills

  • Total Personal Expenses = $580 per week

Your net income is then equal to your gross income minus your personal expenses. In this case, your net income is $1,620 per week.

Also read: The 8 Amazing Passive Income Ideas With Little Money

Net Income Example

Let's look at some examples of how to calculate net income.

You earn $3,000 per month. You pay $400 per month for rent and utilities. You also have a credit card debt of $800 per month. Your monthly expenses total $4,000.

First, find your gross income. Gross income is simply the sum of your income sources. In this case, that's $3,000 per year. Next, subtract your expenses from your income. Here, you can deduct only your personal expenses, not your business expenses.

money falling out

Personal Expenses

  • Rent $400

  • Utilities $400

  • Credit Card Debt $800

  • Total Personal Expenses $1,600

Your net income is now equal to your gross income less your personal expenses. In our example, your net income is therefore $1,400 per month ($3,000 – $1,600).


What Is The Definition Of Net Income?

The definition of net income varies depending on whether it's used to determine eligibility for certain programs or if it's reported on an individual's federal tax return.


Eligibility Requirements

In determining eligibility requirements for government assistance programs, net income is usually defined as what someone makes after taxes and other deductions are taken out. 

For example, in order to qualify for food stamps, you must meet the income guidelines set by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the states where you live. However, these income limits may vary based on factors including family size, number of children, age, and disability status.

On your federal tax return, net income is generally calculated using Form 1040 Schedule C. This form allows you to report all of your business income and losses. If you don't use Schedule C, you should still include your net income when filing your federal income tax return.

Also read: 8 Personal Finance Apps For Your Better Future


Reporting Net Income On A Federal Tax Return

If you do choose to report your net income on your federal tax return, there are two ways to do this. One way is to use Form 4562, which is part of Schedule C. Another option is to use Form 8849, which is attached to your tax return.

Form 4562 is used to report your net profit or loss from self-employment. It includes information about your business activities, such as the amount of sales, cost of goods sold, and any other relevant figures.

Form 8849 is used to report your non-business income. This includes money earned through work, interest, dividends, alimony, child support, rental income, royalties, gifts, inheritances, insurance proceeds, and gambling winnings.


Why Do You Need To Know Your Net Income?

There are many reasons why knowing your net income is important. Some of them include:


Paying Off Debts

When you know exactly how much money you make each month, you'll be able to figure out how much you need to pay toward your debts every month.


Planning For Retirement

Knowing your net income will help you plan for retirement. Because Social Security benefits aren't taxed, they're often considered a “tax free” source of income. But remember that if you take too large of a benefit at one time, you could owe back taxes.


Avoiding Bankruptcy

If you have trouble making ends meet, you might want to consider filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. But before doing so, you need to understand how bankruptcy affects your finances.


Filing Taxes

If you file a joint return with your spouse, you can deduct some of your expenses from your taxable income. But if you file separately, you won't be able to claim those deductions. So it's important to keep track of your net income.

person looking at book

How To Calculate Your Net Income

The easiest way to calculate your net income is to use online calculators. These tools allow you to enter basic information about yourself and then generate a net income estimate.

You can also get estimates by looking up your state's income tax rate. For example, in New York State, the highest marginal income tax rate is 13 percent. The lowest rate is 3.65 percent. That means that if you made $50,000 per year, you would only have to pay $2,935 in state income taxes.

You can also lookup your estimated tax payments. In New York State, the maximum amount of tax you can pay is $5,500. However, most people pay less than this amount because their incomes are lower.


Final Thoughts

If you're thinking about starting a new business, it's important to know what kind of financial burden you'll face. 

You may also just want to know what your net income is. And since you don't have to pay taxes until you actually receive money, it's even more important to know how much you'll be paying in taxes. Your pay stubs will be a great resource to find out figures needed to calculate net income etc.

Thank you for reading!

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